Lung Cancer in Non -Smokers
Submitted by Mary Desaulniers On 2006-04-19
More and more often, I come across cases of nonsmokers who develop
cancer. My attention is always drawn to news of this
nature because my husband passed away at the age of 51 from brain and lung
cancer. He never smoked a day in his life.
The complacency non-smokers have shared over the years is no longer a viable option. Smokers and non-smokers alike are vulnerable to a disease which is largely incurable. Among patients with lung cancer, only about 14% live five years after their diagnosis.
In the face of a disease that seems to have neither rhyme nor reason, what can we do to protect ourselves? First, assess your risk for lung cancer; then take measures to prevent the disease.
What are the risk factors for lung cancer?
Gender: Unfortunately, women seem to be more vulnerable to lung cancer. Research has shown that female smokers are more susceptible to the cancer-causing chemicals found in cigarettes. In another study, a gene linked to abnormal lung cancer cell growth was found to be more active in women than in men. It did not matter whether the women smoked or not.
A family history of lung cancer: Evidence suggests that there is a lung cancer gene which predisposes offspring to develop lung cancer. However, the evidence is far from conclusive as the situation is made difficult by the fact that offspring of smokers have been exposed to a smoking environment since childhood and would therefore have a greater risk for developing the disease.
Scarring from previous lung disease : Scarring in lungs caused by tuberculosis or other lung disease can be a risk factor for lung cancer.
Second-hand smoke: Exposure to second-hand smoke has been shown to be a definite risk factor. Your risk increases by 30 percent from daily exposure to second-hand smoke. This is probably the most significant risk factor for lung cancer in non-smokers.
Exposure to radon: Radon is an odorless gas than can seep out of the soil into buildings. Worse yet, the gas can seep from the soil into water near residential communities. Radon has been implicated as a potential cause of lung cancer.
Long-term occupational exposure to diesel exhaust fumes may increase
lung cancer risk by 47%. Air pollution in general is a risk factor in the
general population. Swedish researchers estimate that as many as 1 in 10
cases of lung cancer may be caused by air pollution in the Swedish capital
Article Source: Mary Desaulniers at JPServicez-SearchArticles.com
|About the Author|
|A fitness and weight consultant, Mary is helping people reclaim their bodies through nutrition, exercise, positive vision and creative engagement. Visit her at GreatBodyat50 or at ProteinPower|